XPATHS 和默认命名空间 [英] XPATHS and Default Namespaces

本文介绍了XPATHS 和默认命名空间的处理方法,对大家解决问题具有一定的参考价值,需要的朋友们下面随着小编来一起学习吧!


XPath 背后的故事和对命名空间的支持是什么?XPath 作为规范是否先于名称空间?如果我有一个文档,其中元素被赋予了默认命名空间:

What is the story behind XPath and support for namespaces? Did XPath as a specification precede namespaces? If I have a document where elements have been given a default namespace:

<foo xmlns="uri" />

看起来好像有些 XPath 处理器库无法识别 //foo 因为命名空间,而另一些则可以.我的团队考虑的选项是使用正则表达式向 XPath 添加命名空间前缀(您可以通过 XmlNameTable 添加命名空间前缀),但这似乎很脆弱,因为 XPath 在节点测试方面是一种非常灵活的语言.

It appears as though some of the XPath processor libraries won't recognize //foo because of the namespace whereas others will. The option my team has thought about is to add a namespace prefix using regular expressions to the XPath (you can add a namespace prefix via XmlNameTable) but this seems brittle since XPath is such a flexible language when it comes to node tests.


Is there a standard that applies to this?

我的方法有点笨拙,但似乎工作正常;我使用搜索/替换删除了 xmlns 声明,然后应用 XPath.

My approach is a bit hackish but it seems to work fine; I remove the xmlns declaration with a search/replace and then apply XPath.

string readyForXpath = Regex.Replace(xmldocument, "xmlns=".+"", String.Empty );


Is that a fair approach or has anyone solved this differently?


我尝试了与 Palehorse 提议的类似的方法,但无法使其正常工作.由于我从已发布的服务中获取数据,因此无法更改 xml.我最终像这样使用 XmlDocument 和 XmlNamespaceManager:

I tried something similar to what palehorse proposed and could not get it to work. Since I was getting data from a published service I couldn't change the xml. I ended up using XmlDocument and XmlNamespaceManager like so:

XmlDocument doc = new XmlDocument();
XmlNamespaceManager nSpace = new XmlNamespaceManager(doc.NameTable);
nSpace.AddNamespace("myNs", "http://theirUri");

XmlNodeList nodes = doc.SelectNodes("//myNs:NodesIWant",nSpace);

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