在 groupby 聚合之后指定列顺序 [英] Specifying column order following groupby aggregation

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问题描述

每次运行代码时,我的年龄、身高和体重列的顺序都会发生变化.我需要保持 agg 列的顺序不变,因为我最终会根据列位置引用此输出文件.如何确保每次都以相同的顺序输出年龄、身高和体重?

The ordering of my age, height and weight columns is changing with each run of the code. I need to keep the order of my agg columns static because I ultimately refer to this output file according to the column locations. What can I do to make sure age, height and weight are output in the same order every time?

d = pd.read_csv(input_file, na_values=[''])
df = pd.DataFrame(d)
df.index_col = ['name', 'address']

df_out = df.groupby(df.index_col).agg({'age':np.mean, 'height':np.sum, 'weight':np.sum})
df_out.to_csv(output_file, sep=',')

推荐答案

我觉得你可以使用subset:

I think you can use subset:

df_out = df.groupby(df.index_col)
           .agg({'age':np.mean, 'height':np.sum, 'weight':np.sum})[['age','height','weight']]

你也可以使用 pandas 函数:

Also you can use pandas functions:

df_out = df.groupby(df.index_col)
           .agg({'age':'mean', 'height':sum, 'weight':sum})[['age','height','weight']]

示例:

df = pd.DataFrame({'name':['q','q','a','a'],
                   'address':['a','a','s','s'],
                   'age':[7,8,9,10],
                   'height':[1,3,5,7],
                   'weight':[5,3,6,8]})

print (df)
  address  age  height name  weight
0       a    7       1    q       5
1       a    8       3    q       3
2       s    9       5    a       6
3       s   10       7    a       8
df.index_col = ['name', 'address']
df_out = df.groupby(df.index_col)
           .agg({'age':'mean', 'height':sum, 'weight':sum})[['age','height','weight']]

print (df_out)
              age  height  weight
name address                     
a    s        9.5      12      14
q    a        7.5       4       8

根据建议编辑 - 添加 reset_index,如果也需要索引值,这里 as_index=False 不起作用:

EDIT by suggestion - add reset_index, here as_index=False does not work if need index values too:

df_out = df.groupby(df.index_col)
           .agg({'age':'mean', 'height':sum, 'weight':sum})[['age','height','weight']]
           .reset_index()

print (df_out)
  name address  age  height  weight
0    a       s  9.5      12      14
1    q       a  7.5       4       8
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