未定义的引用google :: protobuf :: internal :: empty_string_ [abi:cxx11] [英] Undefined reference to google::protobuf::internal::empty_string_[abi:cxx11]

查看:20248
本文介绍了未定义的引用google :: protobuf :: internal :: empty_string_ [abi:cxx11]的处理方法,对大家解决问题具有一定的参考价值,需要的朋友们下面随着小编来一起学习吧!

问题描述

我试图使用Protocol Buffers 2.6.1和GNU GCC 5.1.0(在Ubuntu 14.10上)构建简单的测试应用程序,并得到以下错误:

I'm trying to build simple test application with Protocol Buffers 2.6.1 and GNU GCC 5.1.0 (on Ubuntu 14.10) and I get following errors:

/home/ragnar/cpp-tools/gcc-linux/bin/g++   -c  "/home/ragnar/cpp-projects/gprotobuf_test/main.cpp" -g -O0 -Wall   -o ./Debug/main.cpp.o -I. -I/home/ragnar/cpp-tools/libs/linux64/protobuf/include -I.
/home/ragnar/cpp-tools/gcc-linux/bin/g++   -c  "/home/ragnar/cpp-projects/gprotobuf_test/messages.pb.cc" -g -O0 -Wall   -o ./Debug/messages.pb.cc.o -I. -I/home/ragnar/cpp-tools/libs/linux64/protobuf/include -I.  
/home/ragnar/cpp-tools/gcc-linux/bin/g++  -o ./Debug/gprotobuf_test @"gprotobuf_test.txt" -L. -L/home/ragnar/cpp-tools/libs/linux64/protobuf/lib  -lprotobuf  
./Debug/main.cpp.o: In function google::protobuf::internal::GetEmptyStringAlreadyInited[abi:cxx11]():  
  /home/ragnar/cpp-tools/libs/linux64/protobuf/include/google/protobuf/generated_message_util.h:80: 
    undefined reference to google::protobuf::internal::empty_string_[abi:cxx11]  
  /home/ragnar/cpp-tools/libs/linux64/protobuf/include/google/protobuf/generated_message_util.h:81: 
    undefined reference to google::protobuf::internal::empty_string_[abi:cxx11]  
./Debug/messages.pb.cc.o: In function protobuf_AssignDesc_messages_2eproto():  
  /home/ragnar/cpp-projects/gprotobuf_test/messages.pb.cc:32: 
    undefined reference to google::protobuf::DescriptorPool::FindFileByName(std::__cxx11::basic_string<char, std::char_traits<char>, std::allocator<char> > const&) const  
./Debug/messages.pb.cc.o: In function protobuf_AddDesc_messages_2eproto():  
  /home/ragnar/cpp-projects/gprotobuf_test/messages.pb.cc:83: 
    undefined reference to google::protobuf::MessageFactory::InternalRegisterGeneratedFile(char const*, void (*)(std::__cxx11::basic_string<char, std::char_traits<char>, std::allocator<char> > const&))  
./Debug/messages.pb.cc.o: In function my_message::MergePartialFromCodedStream(google::protobuf::io::CodedInputStream*):
  /home/ragnar/cpp-projects/gprotobuf_test/messages.pb.cc:187: 
    undefined reference to google::protobuf::internal::WireFormatLite::ReadString(google::protobuf::io::CodedInputStream*, std::__cxx11::basic_string<char, std::char_traits<char>, std::allocator<char> >*)  
./Debug/messages.pb.cc.o: In function my_message::SerializeWithCachedSizes(google::protobuf::io::CodedOutputStream*) const:
  /home/ragnar/cpp-projects/gprotobuf_test/messages.pb.cc:247: 
    undefined reference to google::protobuf::internal::WireFormatLite::WriteStringMaybeAliased(int, std::__cxx11::basic_string<char, std::char_traits<char>, std::allocator<char> > const&, google::protobuf::io::CodedOutputStream*)  
./Debug/messages.pb.cc.o: In function google::protobuf::internal::WireFormatLite::WriteStringToArray(int, std::__cxx11::basic_string<char, std::char_traits<char>, std::allocator<char> > const&, unsigned char*):
  /home/ragnar/cpp-tools/libs/linux64/protobuf/include/google/protobuf/wire_format_lite_inl.h:749: 
    undefined reference to google::protobuf::io::CodedOutputStream::WriteStringWithSizeToArray(std::__cxx11::basic_string<char, std::char_traits<char>, std::allocator<char> > const&, unsigned char*)  
./Debug/messages.pb.cc.o:(.rodata._ZTV10my_message[_ZTV10my_message]+0x20): 
    undefined reference to google::protobuf::Message::GetTypeName[abi:cxx11]() const  
 ./Debug/messages.pb.cc.o:(.rodata._ZTV10my_message[_ZTV10my_message]+0x40): 
    undefined reference to google::protobuf::Message::InitializationErrorString[abi:cxx11]() const  
collect2: error: ld returned 1 exit status  
gprotobuf_test.mk:93: recipe for target "Debug/gprotobuf_test" failed  
make[1]: *** [Debug/gprotobuf_test] Error 1  
make[1]: Leaving directory "/home/ragnar/cpp-projects/gprotobuf_test"  
Makefile:4: recipe for target "All" failed  
make: *** [All] Error 2  



The /home/ragnar/cpp-tools/libs/linux64/protobuf/lib contains following libraries:

libprotobuf.a  
libprotobuf.so.9.0.1  
libprotobuf-lite.a  
libprotobuf-lite.so.9.0.1  
libprotoc.a  
libprotoc.so.9.0.1  

这里是简单的messages.proto文件:

Here's the simple messages.proto file:

option java_package = "my.package";

message my_message {
  required string word = 1;
  required uint32 number = 2;
}

和我想要工作的代码:

#include <iostream>
#include <vector>
#include <google/protobuf/io/coded_stream.h>
#include <google/protobuf/io/zero_copy_stream_impl.h>
#include "messages.pb.h"

std::vector<unsigned char> encode( google::protobuf::Message & msg )
{
  std::vector<unsigned char> data( msg.ByteSize() + 
    google::protobuf::io::CodedOutputStream::VarintSize32( msg.ByteSize() ) );
  google::protobuf::io::ArrayOutputStream array_out( &data[0], data.size() );
  google::protobuf::io::CodedOutputStream coded_out( &array_out );
  coded_out.WriteVarint32( msg.ByteSize() );
  msg.SerializeToCodedStream( &coded_out );
  return data;
}

void decode( const std::vector<unsigned char> & data, google::protobuf::Message & msg )
{
  google::protobuf::io::ArrayInputStream array_in( &data[0] , data.size() );
  google::protobuf::io::CodedInputStream coded_in( &array_in );
  google::protobuf::uint32 size;
  coded_in.ReadVarint32( &size );
  google::protobuf::io::CodedInputStream::Limit msg_limit = coded_in.PushLimit( size );
  msg.ParseFromCodedStream( &coded_in );
  coded_in.PopLimit( msg_limit );
}

int main(int argc, char **argv)
{
  my_message in_msg;
  in_msg.set_word( \"blah blah\" );
  in_msg.set_number( 123 );
  std::vector<unsigned char> data = encode( in_msg );

  my_message out_msg;
  decode( data, out_msg );
  std::cout << \"word: \" << out_msg.word() << \" number: \" << out_msg.number() << std::endl;
  return 0;
}

Gcc是从源代码构建的,具有以下选项:

Gcc is built from source with following options:

--enable-64bit --enable-32bit --enable-languages=c,c++ --enable-multilib
--disable-nls --enable-threads=posix --enable-checking=release
--enable-lto --enable-multiarch --with-multilib-list=m32,m64,mx32 
--with-tune=generic --enable-shared --with-glibc-version=2.13
--enable-libstdcxx-time=rt

和Protobuf是从源代码构建的,具有以下选项:

and Protobuf is built from source with following options:

--enable-64it --disable-32bit --enable-shared CXXFLAGS=-m64 -DNDEBUG LDFLAGS=-m64

任何帮助非常感谢。

推荐答案

我怀疑这是一个C + + ABI问题。在GCC 5(与C ++ 11相关的要求,但它适用,即使你不使用C ++ 11)中更改了 std :: string 的ABI。请参阅:

I suspect this is a C++ ABI issue. The ABI for std::string has changed in GCC 5 (related to C++11 requirements, but it applies even if you aren't using C++11). See:

https://gcc.gnu .org / gcc-5 / changes.html#libstdcxx

如果libprotobuf是使用GCC 4.x或之前版本构建的, 5,那么你会看到问题,因为libprotobuf在其接口中使用 std :: string 。您有两个选项:

If libprotobuf was built with GCC 4.x or prior, but your app is built with GCC 5, then you will see problems, because libprotobuf uses std::string in its interface. You have two options:


  1. 使用GCC 5重建libprotobuf(但现在使用GCC 4构建的任何应用程序都无法使用新版本libprotobuf)。

  2. 如上所述,使用 -D_GLIBCXX_USE_CXX11_ABI = 0 构建应用程序。这将强制GCC使用旧的ABI版本。

  1. Rebuild libprotobuf with GCC 5 (but now any apps built with GCC 4 won't work with the new version of libprotobuf).
  2. Build you app with -D_GLIBCXX_USE_CXX11_ABI=0 as described at the above link. This will force GCC to use the old ABI version.

这篇关于未定义的引用google :: protobuf :: internal :: empty_string_ [abi:cxx11]的文章就介绍到这了,希望我们推荐的答案对大家有所帮助,也希望大家多多支持IT屋!

查看全文
登录 关闭
扫码关注1秒登录
发送“验证码”获取 | 15天全站免登陆