# Python Itertools仅排列字母和数字 [英] Python Itertools permutations only letters and numbers

### 问题描述

I need to get only the permutations that have letters and numbers (The permutation can not be. "A, B, C, D" I need it like this: "A, B, C, 1")

In short, the permutations can not contain only letters, not just numbers. Must be a combination of both.

``````import itertools
print list(itertools.combinations([0,1,2,3,4,'a','b','c','d'], 4))
``````

``````[(0, 1, 2, 3), (0, 1, 2, 4), (0, 1, 2, 'a'), (0, 1, 2, 'b'), (0, 1, 2, 'c'), (0, 1, 2, 'd'), (0, 1, 3, 4), (0, 1, 3, 'a'), (0, 1, 3, 'b'), (0, 1, 3, 'c'), (0, 1, 3, 'd'), (0, 1, 4, 'a'), (0, 1, 4, 'b'), (0, 1, 4, 'c'), (0, 1, 4, 'd'), (0, 1, 'a', 'b'), (0, 1, 'a', 'c'), (0, 1, 'a', 'd'), (0, 1, 'b', 'c'), (0, 1, 'b', 'd'), (0, 1, 'c', 'd'), (0, 2, 3, 4), (0, 2, 3, 'a'), (0, 2, 3, 'b'), (0, 2, 3, 'c'), (0, 2, 3, 'd'), (0, 2, 4, 'a'), (0, 2, 4, 'b'), (0, 2, 4, 'c'), (0, 2, 4, 'd'), (0, 2, 'a', 'b'), (0, 2, 'a', 'c'), (0, 2, 'a', 'd'), (0, 2, 'b', 'c'), (0, 2, 'b', 'd'), (0, 2, 'c', 'd'), (0, 3, 4, 'a'), (0, 3, 4, 'b'), (0, 3, 4, 'c'), (0, 3, 4, 'd'), (0, 3, 'a', 'b'), (0, 3, 'a', 'c'), (0, 3, 'a', 'd'), (0, 3, 'b', 'c'), (0, 3, 'b', 'd'), (0, 3, 'c', 'd'), (0, 4, 'a', 'b'), (0, 4, 'a', 'c'), (0, 4, 'a', 'd'), (0, 4, 'b', 'c'), (0, 4, 'b', 'd'), (0, 4, 'c', 'd'), (0, 'a', 'b', 'c'), (0, 'a', 'b', 'd'), (0, 'a', 'c', 'd'), (0, 'b', 'c', 'd'), (1, 2, 3, 4), (1, 2, 3, 'a'), (1, 2, 3, 'b'), (1, 2, 3, 'c'), (1, 2, 3, 'd'), (1, 2, 4, 'a'), (1, 2, 4, 'b'), (1, 2, 4, 'c'), (1, 2, 4, 'd'), (1, 2, 'a', 'b'), (1, 2, 'a', 'c'), (1, 2, 'a', 'd'), (1, 2, 'b', 'c'), (1, 2, 'b', 'd'), (1, 2, 'c', 'd'), (1, 3, 4, 'a'), (1, 3, 4, 'b'), (1, 3, 4, 'c'), (1, 3, 4, 'd'), (1, 3, 'a', 'b'), (1, 3, 'a', 'c'), (1, 3, 'a', 'd'), (1, 3, 'b', 'c'), (1, 3, 'b', 'd'), (1, 3, 'c', 'd'), (1, 4, 'a', 'b'), (1, 4, 'a', 'c'), (1, 4, 'a', 'd'), (1, 4, 'b', 'c'), (1, 4, 'b', 'd'), (1, 4, 'c', 'd'), (1, 'a', 'b', 'c'), (1, 'a', 'b', 'd'), (1, 'a', 'c', 'd'), (1, 'b', 'c', 'd'), (2, 3, 4, 'a'), (2, 3, 4, 'b'), (2, 3, 4, 'c'), (2, 3, 4, 'd'), (2, 3, 'a', 'b'), (2, 3, 'a', 'c'), (2, 3, 'a', 'd'), (2, 3, 'b', 'c'), (2, 3, 'b', 'd'), (2, 3, 'c', 'd'), (2, 4, 'a', 'b'), (2, 4, 'a', 'c'), (2, 4, 'a', 'd'), (2, 4, 'b', 'c'), (2, 4, 'b', 'd'), (2, 4, 'c', 'd'), (2, 'a', 'b', 'c'), (2, 'a', 'b', 'd'), (2, 'a', 'c', 'd'), (2, 'b', 'c', 'd'), (3, 4, 'a', 'b'), (3, 4, 'a', 'c'), (3, 4, 'a', 'd'), (3, 4, 'b', 'c'), (3, 4, 'b', 'd'), (3, 4, 'c', 'd'), (3, 'a', 'b', 'c'), (3, 'a', 'b', 'd'), (3, 'a', 'c', 'd'), (3, 'b', 'c', 'd'), (4, 'a', 'b', 'c'), (4, 'a', 'b', 'd'), (4, 'a', 'c', 'd'), (4, 'b', 'c', 'd'), ('a', 'b', 'c', 'd')]
``````

I pushing this question, let me know if there is a possible way of knowing the size of the file obtained, if I want to save to a text file. I also want to know if there is any way to calculate how long it would take to get all permutations'm asking.

### 推荐答案

``````import itertools
import string
numbers = set(range(10))
letters = set(string.ascii_letters)
print([x for x in itertools.combinations([0,1,2,3,4,'a','b','c','d'], 4)
if set(x) & letters and set(x) & numbers])
``````